Faced with serious seed yam shortages, some farmers in Southern Kaduna, Nigeria, plant the same sett twice. These four crops are grown in varied agro-ecologies and production systems contributing to more than 240 million tons annually, covering around 23 … 1 Average cocoa Yams are mostly marketed as fresh tubers and prepared for consumption. This business plan was complied after a proper feasibility study on yam production in Nigeria was carried out. Water yam … World annual production was estimated to be 25 million Mt in 1974, and 24 million Mt in 1992. Farmers commercially cultivate mainly Dioscorea rotundata (26 varieties) and to a lesser extent D. alata (13 varieties). ECONOMICS OF SMALL-SCALE SEED YAM PRODUCTION IN GHANA: IMPLICATIONS FOR COMMERCIALIZATION In the production regions, yam serves as an important cash and food crop for smallholder farmers and their families, with distinctions linked to the variety of yam and seasonality. Yam is a complex crop in several ways. A survey was carried out in three ecological zones to find out the constraints and prospects to yam production. PDF. Yam production faces many constraints among which are production cost (mainly planting material and labour cost),post-harvset losses(low yields). Yam (Dioscrora spp) are among the most valued tuber crops in the tropics – West Africa is one among the three largest yam production region in the world and Nigeria is the largest production of yam in the world.Most of the yams grown in Nigeria are from small farm land. Nigeria is the largest producer of yams in the world, followed by Ghana, Côte D’Ivoire, Benin, Togo, and Cameroon. The data The various spp of yam are as follows: Our sample yam production business plan in Nigeria can be used to access bank loans, proposal writing and grant applications. Seed yam production methods in Nigeria and Ghana vary as widely as the methods of yam crop production (Nweke forthcoming). 1, 1371564. the Northern regions constituting about 37% and 34% of the total yam production in Ghana, respectively. (2017). Root and tuber crops, including cassava, sweet potato, potato and yam are the most important food crops for direct human consumption in Africa. KEYWORDS: Yam Production, Stochastic Profit frontier, Profit efficiency, Northern Ghana INTRODUCTION The flowering plants of Yams (Dioscorea) genus are Angiosperms are monocotyledons (Norman et al., 1984). Nigeria, Ghana, and Ivory Coast together produce about 86% of the world’s yam supply. West Africa is the leading producer of yam and grows over 90% of the worldwide production (40 tonnes fresh tuber/year) followed by the west Indians where Jamaica is the leading producer (FAOSTAT,2004). In this paper, the term “whole seed” refers to the small tuber that is … Ghana produces a variety of crops in various climatic zones which range from dry savanna to wet forest and which run in east–west bands across Ghana. Journal overview. Ghana's total food and agricultural imports in 2012 is estimated to reach $1.2 billion from $1 billion in ... Infrastructure in Ghana is poor, energy and production costs are increasing. The analysis was based on primary data collected from seventy (70) seed yam producers selected through snowball sampling technique. Most of the world’s production comes from West Africa representing 94%, with Nigeria alone producing 71%, equalling more than 37 million tons. The methods can be classified into two broad groups. Business Description of Yam Production Business plan in Nigeria. (because of the size of its population of yam farmers), more yam is produced per capita in Côte d’Ivoire, indicating that the crop is a more important contributor to farmers’ incomes in that country. Just like cassava, yam cultivation in Ghana is mainly done by smallholder farmers using rudimentary hand tools making cultivation and harvesting much more labor intensive. varieties in Ghana to enhance yam production. This study evaluated the economics of seed yam production in four major yam producing Districts in Ghana. From 2005 to 2010, yam production accounted for about 24 percent of total roots and tubers production in the country (MoFA 2010). The crop is typically propagated vegetatively using tubers through meth- ods that are ... materials to use for yam production. Internationally, yam production in Ghana has been increasing at a decreasing rate as compared to Nigeria and Cote d Ivoire, (FAOSTAT, 2013). Nigeria is the world’s largest producer of yams followed by Ghana, ivorycoast and togo (FAO,2003). While Nigeria is the major producer of yam in the world followed by Ivory Coast, Ghana is in the other hand the major exporter of yams, accounting for over 90% of … Second, its production method does not lend itself to comprehensive analysis because it varies significantly in different agroecologies within the West African yam belt and in other yam-producing areas of the world. Cereal yields are estimated at 1.7 t/ha compared to the regional average of 2.0 t/ha and with potential yields in excess of 5.0t/ha (World Development Indicators, WDI, 2016). The infrastructure for processing, ... yam), cashew, fruits (pineapples, pawpaw), and vegetables, cattle, poultry and eggs, fish, timber and rubber. Ghana Yam Sector Development Strategy The Ghana Yam Sector Strategy has been formulated in response to a request from the Government of Ghana to support the development of the yam sector in terms of production, value addition and commercialization. First, it is frequently confused with other crops that go by the same name outside of West Africa. Ghana’s agricultural sector is characterized by low yields for both staple and cash crops. 2009) in-cluding the production of yam. The Ghana Yam Development Strategy is a bottom-up policy process that started in 2012. After a planted seed yam has formed roots, vines, and leaves, the same seed yam is carefully detached and replanted in a new mound. Yam Production Business Plan in Nigeria. This study verifies improved agronomic package for sustainable yam production in yam growing areas in the forest – savannah transition zone of Ghana during the 2015 and 2016 cropping seasons. A few decades ago, the crop was cultivated using cotton in northern Ghana and fruits and vegetables in both southern and northern Ghana, which has been ex-tended to many other areas today (Ntow et al. Agriculture in Ghana consists of a variety of agricultural products and is an established economic sector, and provides employment on a formal and informal basis. Worldwide yam production in 2007 amounted to 52 million tons, of which Africa produced 96%. … About 90 percent of Ghana’s yams are exported to the US, UK and the Netherlands. Ghana is the third largest yam producer in West Africa after Nigeria and Cote d’Ivoire, but it is the leading exporter of yam accounting for over 94 percent of total yam exports in West Africa. African countries imported more than 2,000 tons in 2002, and exported 15,500, of which Nigeria exported 12%. Most of the world production of yam is from Africa (about 96%) with Nigeria alone accounting for nearly 75% of the total world production (Tables 1 and 2). Ghana is the worlds second largest yam producer and 3 rd largest yam exporter, behind China and Mexico 1. Cassava starch production in Ghana has been successful over the years since many people depend on cassava roots as their main food. Yam production in Ghana has been on the decline despite the increasing demand for local consumption and for export. Table 2: Basic statistics on the production of yam in West Africa, 2008–2009. Map of Ghana, showing the location of farmers surveyed in this study. In this study, primary data were This is particularly so in the Zabzugu District located in the Northern Region of Ghana, where yam production is the main economic activity. Mr. Kwabena Taylor, Executive Secretary, Ghana Root Crops and Tubers Exporters Union in an interview, explained that the industry faces tremendous opportunities as well as challenges and requires support policies, private sector investment, and to become … Per capita consumption of yam in Ghana is estimated at 42 kg/annum. amala are the forms of yam mostly consumed in west Africa especially Nigeria and benin (Akissoe et al.,2001). However, the adoption of this technology by farmers in the Northern Region has been reported as quite low. The present study therefore, was designed to investigate the hypothesis that there are pesticides residues in yam produced in Ghana with the objectives: (1) to conduct multiple pesticides residue analysis (LC-MS/MS) in yam from Ghanaian markets (local production) and from Belgian shops (export production) using the Quick, Easy, Cheap, Efficient, Rugged and Safe (QuEChERS) method and (2) … 3, No. Business: Yam Production Industry: Agriculture (Crop Farming; Yam Production Business plan in Nigeria) PATILADWONDER FARM is an Integrated Yam Production Farm involved in cultivation and processing of yam tubers of optimum quality targeting Ebonyi state, Southeast Nigeria, the entire nation and finally the export market. Acreage under yam cultivation in 2011 was estimated at 403,798 Ha with corresponding production of approx-imately 5,855,138 MT with 27,000 MT for export[11] . The development and transfer of the yam minisett technology has the potential to be the solution to the problem of unavailability and high cost of planting material (seed yam) in the yam production industry. Yam has about 600 species which have an annual life cycle characterized by five stages. Yam production occurs in all regions, except for the Central, Greater Accra and Upper East regions with Upper West being the fourth region in terms of its production (9%), both the domestic and the export markets is the white yam (also known as Pona in Ghana). Cassava is one of the leading tuber crops that offers the highest production of food energy and is a staple food for millions of households across the globe. The first stage is sprouting of the dormant tuber. ... Be the first to review “Yam Production and Marketing Business plan” Cancel reply. on the production practices of local pig farmers which can be useful in the establishment of breeding programmes to enhance their production potentials (Adjei et al., 2015; Ayizanga et al., 2018). Cogent Food & Agriculture: Vol. During the past 5 years, total world production has increased from 32.7 million Mt in 1995 to 37.5 Ghana is the third largest yam producer in West Africa after Nigeria and Cote d’Ivoire, but when it comes to exportation, they are the leading exporter of yam, accounting for over 94 percent of total yam … ... R. Sagoe, Climate Change and Root Crop Production in Ghana, Crops Research Institute, Kumasi, Ghana, 2006. Examining the physicochemical, functional and rheological properties in flours of farmers’ 7 key yam (Dioscorea spp.) production method is practiced by some farmers in the yam growing regions of Nigeria and Ghana. 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