Currently Viewing Lake Clark National Park and Preserve Geology. Lake Clark is the scene of a dynamic, living geology. However, in Alaska, many of the National Park areas also have an adjoining “Preserve” piece associated with it (Lake Clark National Park and Preserve). Already weakened by epidemics of smallpox, measles, and tuberculosis, Dena’ina people in the Lake Clark area were devastated by a measles and flu epidemic in 1902. A young landscape shaped by uplift, intrusion, earthquakes, volcanism, and glaciation. The park was set aside so that it could be maintained as a wilderness area and so that its population of sockeye salmon could be protected. Lake Clark National Park stock photography. Demand for furs declined in the 1960s and 1970s, but a new industry was just beginning – wilderness tourism. Explore the park's natural and cultural museum collection. The Park has responsibilities that include stewardship of historic buildings, museum collections, archaeological sites, cultural landscapes, oral and written histories, and ethnographic resources. Lake Clark National Park was created in 1980, when Jimmy Carter signed the Alaska National Interest Land Conservation Act. The Farm Lodge is located in Port Alsworth, the headquarters for Lake Clark National Park and Preserve. National Park Service historians conduct research and prepare studies, assist with environmental compliance review and planning, write nominations for the National Register of Historic Places, and assist Alaska Native village partners. Welcome to the Lake Clark National Park Information Page. Lake Clark was established as a national monument in December 1978. Denali's landscape is a mix of forest at the lowest elevations, including deciduous taiga, with tundra at middle elevations, and glaciers, snow, and bare rock at the highest elevations. Animals. The park's collections team preserves objects and specimens from a diverse range of subjects. Wilderness Living As the country became more aware of wilderness areas in the 1960s and 1970s, Lake Clark began to receive more visitors. The depopulation brought about changes in settlements. In Alaska this is called ‘subsistence’. The historic flight ushered in a new era, and made life in Lake Clark more connected to the outside world. Photo courtesy of the Vonga and Matrona Bobby Collection. Lake Clark National Park and Preserve is dedicated to preserving history and passing along an appreciation of our shared history to the public and to the next generation. Tanalian Point was the first settlement south of Port Alsworth on Lake Clark's southeastern shore. Artwork by Lake Clark's 2017 Artist-in-Residence Robin Peterson. The BLM land surrounding the lodge was designated Lake Clark National Park & Preserve by the Alaska National Interests Lands Conservation Act in 1980. Discover and Explore Digital Assets; About; Contact; Harpers Ferry Center Digital Archive on NPGallery. At just over 4,000,000 acres, this immense park is almost twice the size of big Yellowstone, but gets only one half of one percent as many visitors annually. Alaska Geographic Volume 13, Number 4, 1986. Lake Clark was named for John W. Clark, chief of the Nushagak trading post and the first American non-Native to see the lake, when an expedition financed by a weekly magazine reached it in February 1891. Coasts / Shorelines. Lake Clark National Park and Preserve Geology Search Parks & Gear. Image ID: 19148 Species: Brown bear, Ursus arctos Location: Lake Clark National Park, Alaska, USA Mature male coastal brown bear boar waits on the tide flats at the mouth of Silver Salmon Creek for salmon to arrive. Although the Schanz's group was apparently aware that the Dena’ina name for the lake was Qiz’jeh Vena, they renamed it Lake Clark. The Aleutian Range in Lake Clark is a segment of the circum-pacific Ring of Fire, one of the most active volcanic belts in the world. Geologic Formations. human history of Lake Clark National Park and Preserve, a vast region on the western shore of Cook Inlet remarkable for its environmental diver-sity, and rarely if ever populated by large numbers of people. People of the Paleo-Arctic Tradition lived there between 10,000 years before the present and 7500 BP. Miner, prospectors, and the U.S. Geological Survey explored the Chigmit and Neacola mountains and the Bonanza Hills. The two national parks in Alaska’s Southwest are Lake Clark National Park and Katmai National Park. A few families moved to Tanalian Point, on the southeast shore of Lake Clark. Today, the Dena’ina people still rely heavily on the land for food and inspiration just as their ancestors did. Some just passed through, but others put down roots and built cabins. In this collection, you will find a vast majority of official travel and recreational destination guides showcasing the historical value, exploratory discoveries, and maintenance of preserved monuments, natural environments, and architectural sites that are important to American history. The Arctic small tool tradition followed from about 5,000 BP to 3,000 BP. These include stories about: early education; reindeer herding The Lake Clark National Park and Preserve museum collections consists of more than 200,000 objects-from an impressive herbarium collection to the many journals, letters, and objects of Richard Proenneke. Russian Encounters The first written documents about Alaska date to 1741, when Russian explorers reached the Aleutian Islands. Fossils. Wild salmon feed generations of families in the region, play an essential role in the ecosystem and support the … These items tell the story Lake Clark's people, cultures, and history. Lake Clark National Park and Preserve was created in 1980 by the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA), which also provided for continued subsistence use of the park by local residents. Their name for the Lake Clark, Qizhjeh Vena, means ‘a place where people gathered’ and is the original name for the lake that now gives its name to the whole park. During the first half of the twentieth century, people in the Lake Clark area continued to live on subsistence, mining, and trapping. Lake Clark National Park and Preserve is a 4,030,015 acre park located in southwest Alaska in the United States. Explore the natural world in Lake Clark, including wildlife, plants, volcanoes, glaciers, and environmental issues that can impact the park. Lake Clark National Park and Preserve helps protect all these animals similar to National Parks in the Lower 48. Within twenty years, though, relations had stabilized. National Park Service, Anchorage, AK. Freshwater Plants. The first Russian Orthodox missionaries arrived in 1794, and by the 1830s, travelling priests were conducting services and baptisms regularly in the region. Included in the party was John W. Clark, a representative of the Alaska Commercial Company. Original place names like this help you see the land differently. Here you will find all you need to know about the natural history of the park.… The Bureau of Land Management originally owned the property. Many remaining Dena’ina people settled in Old Nondalton or Lime Village. The Lake Clark Jukebox Project - Listen to storytelling by Native community members and watch slideshows of historic photographs. Kasatochi. These names often point out important features and the special meanings that park places have had over the years. Just twelve years later, Leon “Babe” Alsworth Sr. established the first air taxi service on Lake Clark, based at the new settlement of Port Alsworth. "Where We Found A Whale" A History of Lake Clark National Park & Preserve "In a rock shelter on a dark night, the flames cast long shadows on the walls. The earliest human presence known in the area of Lake Clark was at Bristol Bay. The Park has responsibilities that include stewardship of historic buildings, museum collections, archaeological sites, cultural landscapes, oral and written histories, and ethnographic resources. We invite you to find inspiration and imagination by reading some of Lake Clark's most notable stories. Today many people continue to use the area’s rich resources in a traditional way. This research has gradually revealed the stories of old-time Lake Clark. Mt. Lake Clark National Park and Preserve. The Age of Air Travel The first aircraft to land on Lake Clark was a Waco 10 biplane on floats in 1930. The first Euro-american to give an account of Lake Clark itself was Charles Leslie McKay, collecting for the Smithsonian Institution in 1881. Kijik is now the name of a lake and river that flows into Lake Clark, as well as an historic village and a National Historic Landmark. Location: Lake Clark National Park, Alaska, USA. Air Quality. At Lake Clark National Park and Preserve, historians have gathered an unparalleled collection of historic photos and produced several books available to the public. Lake Clark's first people are of Alaska Native descent and came to this region a millennia ago. Forests. Whether they are historic --told down through generations of Alaskans-- or more recent and recorded, in the wilderness of Lake Clark stories often feature the conflict of person versus nature. Qizhjeh Vena, meaning ‘a place where people gathered lake’ in Dena’ina, is the original name of Lake Clark. Grizzly bear. History & Culture Lake Clark has a rich cultural tradition going back 10,000 years that includes Native Alaskans, American homesteaders, and Dick Proenneke. The area was originally protected as national monument in 1978 and in 1980 re-designated as a national park following the passing of the Alaska National Interests Conservation Act. In 1960, the 5- acres were staked and deeded as a trade and manufacturing site to an Alaska family from Homer who built the original log cabin. reading some of Lake Clark's most notable stories. The largest eruption in North America occurred at Novarupta Volcano in Katmai National Park in 1912. P art of a University of Alaska Fairbanks program, this project consists of photo albums and recorded interviews that represent different, but overlapping, historic themes. Despite this relatively rapid exposure to the wider world, the native communities of the region retain their traditions and languages. Local Dena’ina Athabascan people began panning for gold, and supplemented that income by selling furs. Today many people continue to use the area’s rich resources in a traditional way. Lake Clark National Park and Preserve protects a tapestry of cultural places woven from 10,000 years of human occupancy that is vital to the cultural and spiritual continuance of the Dena’ina culture. Two sites from this tradition have been documented in the park. Author: John B. Branson, historian for Lake Clark National Park & Preserve 1st edition: 2007 published by the National Park Service (out of print) 2nd edition: 2009 published by the Bristol Bay Economic Development Corp. Find out more about modern subsistence use in Lake Clark, or browse the information below to learn more about the people, places, and stories that make this such a unique part of the world. Lake Clark preserves the ancestral homelands of the Dena'ina people, an intact ecosystem at the headwaters of the largest sockeye salmon fishery in … In it's heyday during the first 50 years of the 20th century, it was a bustling hub for trappers, prospectors, and travelers. 5. Lake Clark National Park, Alaska. St. Augustine and Mt. The Early American Years In 1867 Russia sold Alaska to the United States for the bargain price of 3 cents per acre. In more recent history, Russian, and Europeans, missionaries, traders, hunters and trappers made … In December 1980 the Alaska National Interest Land Conservation Act (ANILCA) was passed by Congress and signed by >a href="http://americanhistory.about.com/od/jimmycarter/a/ff_j_carter.htm">President Carter. Redoubt has been recently active, as well as Mt. Lake Clark National Park Stock Photos, Natural History Photography Lake Clark National Park Stock Photos by Professional Photographer Phillip Colla. The sparse historical record for the eighteenth century hints at rapid change for the Alaska Natives in the Iliamna/Lake Clark. Facts. Photo courtesy of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Hill. We offer access to the remotest parts of Lake Clark National Park by using a variety of transportation. 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